The American wild turkey's five subspecies are inherently challenging, incredibly alluring and unique in their own way. Each of the five subspecies display different physical and behavioral characteristics that define them. Get the 411 on each subspecies below:
Eastern wild turkeys are the most widely distributed subspecies east of the Mississippi River. They are also the most abundant. In fact, you can find them in 38 states and numerous Canadian provinces.
The Florida wild turkey (also referred to as the Osceola) gets its name from its location. It’s only found in Florida. There are about 100,000 of them in Florida today.
The Rio Grande wild turkeys are concentrated in western desert regions of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and other western states. Mexico also harbors a healthy population.
These wild turkeys are most abundant in the mountainous regions of the West. The Rocky Mountains are considered the central hub of the population.
The Gould’s wild turkey can only be found in Arizona, New Mexico and northern Mexico. It's population is few in numbers.
The ocellated turkey is a species unto itself and can only be found in a 50,000 square mile area: in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico, northern Belize and the El Petén region of northern Guatemala.