2020 Spring Hunt Guide

The spring 2020 turkey season is just a week away for some and not too much longer for the rest of us, and with that comes the opportunity to start anew. Whether you have been successful in the turkey woods in the 2010’s or whether it was the worst decade of turkey hunting in your life, use the new decade as a defining point to tag more gobblers and let less get away. Our 2020 spring hunt guide is here to help you plan your trips, whether you’re embarking on a Grand slam adventure or just want to make sure you are in accordance with your state’s turkey regulations. Use the 2020 Spring Hunt Guide to find season dates, bag limits, recent harvest data and more from all 49 states the wild turkey inhabits. Have fun and good luck!

***NOTE*** The information compiled below was from before this year's seasons began and may no longer be completely accurate due to certain COVID-19 restrictions. Please consult state game agencies with any questions regarding turkey seasons. Hunting the spring turkey woods is a great way to practice social distancing. Show us the way you practice proper social distancing with the hashtag #ResponsibleRecreation. Be safe. Be responsible. Have fun.

2020 Spring Turkey Seasons Open Dates by Date*

(*May include archery seasons, but excludes youth openers)

Subspecies: Eastern | Rio | Merriam's | Osceola | Gould's | Ocellated


EASTERN SUBSPECIES

Top Eastern Wild Turkey County* - Brown County, Illinois
Score - 92, Phillip Houser
Weight - 25.5, Richard D. Cook
Beard - 12.5, Audrey Houser
Spur - 1.88, Louis Matsko
*According to NWTF Wild Turkey Records entries for the top county
Search the NWTF Wild Turkey Records and enter your gobbler.

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Alabama
www.outdooralabama.com/, (334) 242-3469     
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 368,000
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 25,652; game check (10,948 )
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: March 21 to May 3; varies by zone, check regulations          
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Five (combined fall and spring seasons)   
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources partnered with Alabama NWTF State Chapter using Super Fund dollars to rent a mulcher last year for staff to use to daylight roadsides and open stands to promote brood rearing habitat and provide early successional habitat in the Fred T. Stimpson Special Opportunity Area in Clarke County.

Arkansas        
www.agfc.com, (501) 223-6300
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 100,000        
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 8,240        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth hunt April 11 and 12; Zones 1, 2, 3, 4B, 5, 5B, 6, 7, 7A, 8, 9, 10 and 17: April 13 to April 28 (bag limit: two legal turkeys); Zones 1A, 4, 4A, 5A and 9A: April 13 to April 21 (bag limit: one legal turkey)    
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two legal turkeys statewide (zone limits apply)   
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: In the Beryl Anthony Lower Ouachita Wildlife Management Area in Ashley and Union counties, the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission and the NWTF Arkansas Chapter partnered with The Nature Conservancy to increase public access to 3,844 acres adjoining the Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge. About 2,700 acres have been purchased, with the remainder to be purchased from TNC as funds become available. The entire 3,844 acres have been rolled into the existing Beryl Anthony Lower Ouachita WMA and are open to hunting. The area is dominated by pine savanna and has been managed with prescribed fire to maintain early successional vegetation in the understory. This upland area should provide beneficial nesting and brood-rearing habitat for wild turkeys when lower areas within the WMA and Felsenthal NWR flood.
OTHER INFORMATION: No regulation changes for 2020. The Commission is looking at potential regulation changes for the 2021 and 2022 seasons in the upcoming regulations cycle. Populations appear to have been on a steady decline, based on harvest totals, since peak harvest in 2003; however, much of the decline in harvest is likely a result of reductions in season length and changes in legal to take definitions. These changes make it difficult to accurately assess true population trends over time. Developing an improved method to estimate populations will be critical to understanding population trends moving forward.

Connecticut

www.ct.gov/deep/site/default.asp, (860) 418-5957
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 HARVEST DATA: 1,324 birds
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Regular season April 29 to May 30; Junior Hunter Training Days April 18-25 (No Sunday hunting) 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Regulation changes are pending, see regulations
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The DEEP continues to work with NWTF to maintain two brood-habitat areas within Nipmunk State Forest. These areas are maintained as forest openings to provide abundant insects, which enhances turkey productivity.
OTHER INFORMATION: Based on trends in spring turkey harvest, hunter opinions, brood survey information and Christmas bird counts, it appears that Connecticut’s turkey population has been trending downward. In 2019, poult/hen ratios (1.6 poults/hen) were the lowest recorded since the survey began in 2007. Therefore, spring hunters will observe less jakes than in past years.

Delaware
www.de.gov/fw, (302) 735-3600
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: Not available         
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 11 to May 9; One-day youth hunt and non-ambulatory disabled hunters April 4
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey
OTHER INFORMATION: No Sunday hunting. Public land segment dates apply; applications for public land permits were due Jan. 10. Ammunition containing No. 7 or 7½ shot may be used if part of a blended load containing No. 4, 5 or 6 shot. Before hunting turkeys in Delaware for the first time, hunters must complete a mandatory turkey education course.

Florida
www.myfwc.com/hunting/turkey/, (850) 488-4676        
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 2019 harvest not available; 2018 harvest 20,312      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: March 7 to April 12 south of SR 70; March 21 to April 26 north of SR 70      
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two birds (only one in Holmes County)  
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The NWTF, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission and the Florida Forest Service have worked with the South Florida Water Management District through the wild turkey cost-share program to apply herbicide to invasive plants, opening the understory and improving ground cover conditions at Fort Basinger in Highlands County in the center of the Osceola’s range.  
OTHER INFORMATION: The Osceola subspecies is only found on the Florida Peninsula.         

Georgia
www.georgiawildlife.com, (706) 557-3350       

2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 250,000 to 300,000   
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 17,073      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Special opportunity March 14-15; statewide March 21 to May 15
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Three gobblers   
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The NWTF contributed funds for the purchase of additional acreage linking Paulding Forest and Sheffield wildlife management areas in northwest Georgia. These areas are popular and productive for turkey hunters, and the purchase of the additional land provides increased access as well as additional wild turkey habitat.           
OTHER INFORMATION: Statewide turkey harvest regulations will remain unchanged for the spring 2020 season.

Indiana           
www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/2344.htm, (877) 463-6367

2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 120,000        
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 12,014      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 22 to May10  
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One male or bearded bird per hunter per spring season     
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: On the Hoosier National Forest habitat improvements such as prescribed fire and opening maintenance has been conducted.
OTHER INFORMATION: No regulation changes for 2020

Iowa   
www.iowadnr.gov/, (641) 774-2958     
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 110,000 to 150,000   
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 11,387
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Four regular seasons and a special youth season. First regular season starts the second Monday of April
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One wild turkey per valid tag      
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The Sugema Wildlife Unit, which covers several counties in southeastern Iowa, is taking an active role in forest habitat management. Dollars from the NWTF have been crucial in implementing forest practices on several areas. Eastern wild turkeys can be found on most areas managed by the Sugema Wildlife Unit. Timber stand improvements, invasive species removal and brood habitat improvement have all played a role in keeping wild turkeys plentiful on this landscape.
OTHER INFORMATION: 2019 brood information indicated that production was down last summer. Heavy flooding along the Missouri river may impact people hunting in that area for 2020 and 2021.

Illinois
www.dnr.illinois.gov/Pages/default.aspx, (217) 782-6302          
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 15,190      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth season March 28-29 and April 4-5; North Zone – (first) April 13-17; (second) April 18-23; (third) April 24-29; (fourth) April 30-May 6; (fifth) May 7-14; South Zone – (first) April 6-10; (second) April 11-16; (third) April 17-22; (fourth) April 23-29; (fifth) April 30-May 7    
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bird per permit; max three permits per hunter
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: In cooperation with Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) and U.S. Forest Service, NWTF has spearheaded many woodland stewardship projects in and around the Shawnee National Forest. Through their efforts to plan projects and secure funding, habitat quality has been improved and sustained for the Eastern wild turkey in southern Illinois. The Shawnee National Forest is Illinois’ premier public hunting area and covers 280,000 acres across portions of nine counties.  
OTHER INFORMATION: Statewide, wild turkey populations in Illinois appear relatively stable. There are some regions where harvest has declined over the past decade; however, it remains unclear what is driving the declines. The statewide spring harvest total has been above 15,000 in four of the last five years. Brood production surveys indicate reproductive output has been declining steadily over the last several years. The reproductive index in 2018 was just shy of the 15-year average; however, it was followed up with a record low index for 2019. Currently, IDNR is cooperating with other Midwestern states to compile region-wide datasets to evaluate potential declines across multiple states.

Kansas
www.ksoutdoors.com, (620) 672-5911 
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 23,296
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth/Disabled season, April 1 to 14; archery season, April 6 to 14; regular season, April 15 to May 31      
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Units 1 and 2, two birds; Unit 3, one bird; Unit 4 (limited draw); Units 5 and 6, one bird           
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Hunter success rates continue to be highest in the northcentral region of Kansas, where there are high turkey densities and lots of publicly accessible land available. In the northcentral portion of the state, hunters will have the opportunity to pursue both Rio Grande and Eastern subspecies. Hunters can explore several wildlife management areas (http://ksoutdoors.com/Hunting/Where-to-Hunt) in the region, as well as many properties enrolled in the state’s Walk-in Hunting Access program (http://ksoutdoors.com/KDWPT-Info/Locations/Hunting-Fishing-Atlas/Spring-Hunting-Atlas).   
OTHER INFORMATION: For the spring 2020 season, bag limits in units 3, 5 and 6 were reduced from two birds to one bird. For the fall 2020 season, statewide season dates were reduced from Oct. 1 to Jan. 31 to Oct. 1 to Nov. 10.

Kentucky
www.fw.ky.gov/Hunt/Pages/Spring-Turkey-Hunting.aspx, (800) 858-1549         
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 250,000 to 400,000   
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 29,500 (mandatory reporting)
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: (youth-only) April 4 and 5; (general season) April 18 to May 10       
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One per day, two per season        
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area (western Kentucky) and Daniel Boone National Forest, Stearns District (southeast Kentucky) benefitted from Stewardship Agreements.  
OTHER INFORMATION: Reproductive success was better in 2018 and 2019, so an increase in spring harvest is expected in 2020 and 2021.

Louisiana       
www.wlf.louisiana.gov, (225)765-2361
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 40,000 to 50,000       
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 3,200        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Area A, April 4 to May 3; Area B, April 4-26; Area C, April 4-19 (see regulations for area designations)
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two gobblers     
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Kisatchie National Forest in western Louisiana has benefitted from habitat work such as select harvests, controlled burning and understory enhancement.

Maine 
www.maine.gov/ifw, (207) 287-8000   
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 70,000          
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 6,612        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: May 4 to June 6      
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two birds

Maryland       
www.dnr.maryland.gov/wildlife, (410) 260-8540          
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 40,000          
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 4,002
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth season April 11 and April 12; regular season April 18 to May 23
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two total; one per day    
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: In the Nanticoke Wildlife Management Area, Wicomico County, 10 acres of clover strips were planted for brood habitat. The strips are also used as firebreaks for controlled burns in managed forestland and native grasslands.  

Massachusetts
www.mass.gov/orgs/division-of-fisheries-and-wildlife, (508) 389-6300  
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 40,000          
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 2,700        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 27 to May 23 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two

Michigan
www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/Spring_Turkey_Digest_443091_7.pdf, (517) 284-9453         
2019 POPULATION: 200,000    
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 34,000      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 18-June 7      
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey        
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Allegan State Game Area         
OTHER INFORMATION: Regulation changes for 2020 — season opens on Saturday and hunters can hunt from raised platforms. Season is extended for some areas until June 7. For the first time since turkey restoration, there is a Saturday opener versus a Monday opener.

Minnesota      
www.dnr.state.mn.us, (507) 578-8915  
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 10,699      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 15 to May 31 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded wild turkey 
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: In the Beaver Creek Wildlife Management Area near Slayton, NWTF and partners completed a direct seeding of bur oak acorns on nearly 12 acres. Bur oaks are native to southwest Minnesota and historically were found in association with prairies and savannas. Wild turkeys frequently roost in bur oak trees and also consume the acorn, which is rich in fats and carbohydrates. Acorns planted this past fall may provide food and cover for turkeys and associated wildlife species for hundreds of years into the future.
OTHER INFORMATION: New for 2020, firearms hunters 18 and older no longer need to apply for an A or B time period spring turkey license. Licenses for all time periods (A-F) may be purchased over the counter beginning March 1. Firearms turkey hunters 18 and older may hunt statewide, except access to the Mille Lacs, Carlos Avery or Whitewater wildlife management areas during time periods A-C is by lottery only. Any hunter with a valid spring turkey license may hunt these areas after the C time period. Firearms turkey hunters 18 and over who wish to hunt the Mille Lacs, Carlos Avery or Whitewater WMAs during time periods A-C must apply and be successful in a lottery drawing for permits to access these areas. The lottery deadline is Jan. 24, 2020.

Mississippi      
www.mdwfp.com/, (601) 432-2400      
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 225,000 to 275,000   
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 25,513; game check harvest, 12,627
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth season, March 7 to 13; regular season, March 14 to May 1      
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Three adult gobblers or gobblers with at least a 6" beard; youth may harvest three gobblers of choice
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Brood habitat has been enhanced at Canal Section Wildlife Management Area in northeast Mississippi using NWTF Super Fund dollars to mulch woody brush and create bugging habitat along the Tenn-Tom Waterway.  
OTHER INFORMATION: Hunters are required to report their harvest via the game check system by 10 p.m. on the day of harvest. More info at: http://www.mdwfp.com/wildlife-hunting/game-check/

Missouri         
www.huntfish.mdc.mo.gov/hunting-trapping/species/turkey, (573) 751-4115      
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 390,000
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 38,800      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth, April 4 to 5; regular, April 20 to May 10       
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Youth season one male turkey or bearded turkey. Youth who take a turkey during the youth season may not harvest a second bird until April 27 because the bird taken during the youth
season counts as the bird for the first week of the regular season. Regular season - two male turkeys or bearded turkeys may be taken during the season provided that only one turkey may be taken during the first week from April 20 to 26. If a hunter does not harvest a turkey during the first week, they may harvest two turkeys during the second or third week from April 27 to May 10, but may not take them both on the same day.   
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The Missouri Department of Conservation actively manages wildlife habitat on conservation areas located throughout the state. In addition to MDC’s conservation areas, Missouri turkey hunters are fortunate to have access to many other public lands. Through cooperative positions and grants awarded through the State Super Fund, the NWTF has contributed to wildlife habitat management on Missouri public lands managed by the MDC, USDA Forest Service, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Missouri Prairie Foundation and some state parks. The MDC is conducting management practices on public lands in Missouri to benefit wild turkeys. These practices include, but are not limited to, eradication of invasive species, native warm season grass restoration, thinning of forests and woodlands and the use of prescribed fire.          
OTHER INFORMATION: Hunters should check out the Missouri hunting app, which enables hunters to purchase and view turkey hunting permits directly from their mobile device. Hunters should also check out the Missouri Outdoors app to help them locate conservation areas that are open to turkey hunting.

New Hampshire
www.wildlife.state.nh.us, (603) 271-3421
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 40,000
2019 HARVEST DATA: 5,076 birds
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: May 1-31; Youth weekend April 25-26
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One turkey statewide; two turkeys in WMUs H1, H2, J2, K, L, M
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: NWTF partnered with Southeast Land Trust of New Hampshire on an acquisition as part of the Two Rivers Wildlife Preserve, which is open to hunting. A lot of young forest/early successional management is occurring onsite, making great upland bird hunting./
OTHER INFORMATION: The year 2019 marked the first year that a second bird had been added to the spring bag limit in the southern portion of the state.

New Jersey     
www.njfishandwildlife.com/, (908) 735-6938   
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 20,000 to 25,000       
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 2,763        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 20 to May 22, 2020 (segmented, see regulations)         
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One male turkey per permit; one per day  
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area (Thunder Mountain Project), Sussex County is a project that targets the Eastern subspecies and maintains several fields that are important brood habitat in this mostly forested area.         
OTHER INFORMATION: Mandatory automated check in of harvested turkeys will begin with the 2020 spring season.

New York
www.dec.ny.gov, (518) 402-8886
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 180,000
2019 HARVEST DATA: 17,100 (estimated)
SEASON DATES: Youth season April 25-26; Regular season May 1-31
BAG LIMIT: Two bearded turkeys (one per day); youth allowed only one during youth season.
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: NWTF has partnered with the USDA Forest Service on the Finger Lakes National Forest for a number of years. The Burnt Butcher Stewardship project will result in more than 260 acres of forest management work being completed, resulting in a conversion of those stands to more oak dominant forest types through tree planting and nonnative invasive species management.
OTHER INFORMATION: Turkey populations seem to have rebounded slightly from the low observed in 2011, though the population is still substantially lower than the early 2000s. The 2019 spring harvest was 11% lower than 2018 and also below the five-year average of 19,600 birds.

North Carolina          
www.ncwildlife.org/, Chris Kreh - Upland Game Bird Biologist - (336) 386-0892
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 265,000        
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 18,730      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth season, April 4 to 10; regular season, April 11 to May 9
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two bearded or male only; only one can be taken in youth season 
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: NWTF funding has helped the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission conduct prescribe burns on more than 20,000 acres annually for last two years on game lands in southeastern coastal plain.

Ohio   
www.wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/, 1-800-WILDLIFE (945-3543)        
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 190,000        
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA:19,088       
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth season April 18 to 19; South Zone April 20 to May 17, Northeast Zone May 4 to 31 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: The spring season bag limit is two bearded turkeys. No more than one may be taken per day.    
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The Wallace O’Dowd Wildlife Area in southeast Ohio is a 10,027 acre area under the control of the Division of Wildlife. The heavily forested property is in the NWTF Colonial Forest focal area and is open to public hunting. A joint effort between the NWTF and DOW included forest inventory work and numerous resulting forest management actions. Most recently, crop tree release was prescribed for 312 acres of timber on the area. This action was intended to increase oak reproduction as well as herbaceous and woody growth in the forest understory to provide turkey nesting and brood cover as well as deer browse.  

Oklahoma      
www.wildlifedepartment.com, (405) 521-3851  
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 100,189 Rio Grande and 12,013 Eastern         
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 18,482 Rio Grande and 2,943 Eastern         
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 6 to May 6, see season restriction for SE region
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Three statewide; see regulations for county restrictions     
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: On the Black Kettle Wildlife Management Area, woody plants around Rio Grande roosting areas has been completed. On the Stringtown WMA, removal of woody plants in enclosed areas have been completed to benefit Eastern wild turkeys.

Pennsylvania  
www.pgc.pa.gov, (717) 787-4250         
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 212,175        
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 37,286      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 25 (youth), May 2-30 (regular)
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One with general license, two with valid special wild turkey license          
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: A five-year project with five local NWTF chapters improved State Game Lands 143, 109 and 277 in Crawford, Erie and Warren counties. Mast production (hard and soft mast) in the forest lands of these SGLs improved via timber stand improvements and herbicide treatments to release mast-producing species.        
OTHER INFORMATION: No Sunday hunting, and hunting hours close at noon until May 15, then open until half-hour after sunset May 18-30.

Rhode Island
www.dem.ri.gov/programs/fish-wildlife, (401) 222-4700
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 4,000
2019 HARVEST DATA: 270 birds
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 30 to May 24; Youth and paraplegic hunt April 25-26
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two bearded birds
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Arcadia Management Area, Exeter/Richmond/West Greenwich. 14,000-plus acres of wildlife habitat. Primarily mature deciduous and coniferous forests with wildlife food plots maintained by the Division of Fish and Wildlife and hay fields maintained by local farmers through cooperative management leases.
OTHER INFORMATION: Last year marked the first year that a second bird had been added to the spring bag limit.

South Carolina
www.dnr.sc.gov/, (803)734-3886         
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 120,000 Eastern        
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 17,374      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Games Zones 1 and 2, April 1 to May 10; Game Zones 3 and 4 March 22 to April 30       
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Residents three birds; nonresidents two birds; one per day and only one taken during the first 10 days of the season.       
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Habitat management projects such as prescribed fire and herbicide applications have been conducted on the Webb Wildlife Management Area located in Hampton County.    
OTHER INFORMATION: New spring season framework for 2020 (see above). Only one gobbler may be taken the first 10 days of the season.

Tennessee       
www.tnwildlife.org, (800) 648-8798     
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 31,193      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: (youth) March 28 and 29; (shotgun/archery) April 4 to May 17
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Four bearded turkeys; one per day (turkeys taken on specially designated WMAs may be bonus birds)    
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Catoosa WMA (Cumberland/Morgan counties) received prescribed fire to maintain open hardwood savannas and woodlands.          
OTHER INFORMATION: Hunters can query harvest data using an online application called the Hunter's Toolbox at hunterstoolbox.gooutdoorstennessee.com.

Texas 
www.tpwd.texas.gov, (512) 389-4800   
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 500,000 Rio Grande Wild Turkey, 10,000 eastern wild turkey, 500 Merriam's           
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 18,004      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: www.tpwd.texas.gov/regulations/outdoor-annual/hunting/    
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Four bird annual bag limit
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Rio Grande wild turkeys in the Lyndon B. Johnson National Grasslands in Decatur, Texas, have benefitted from mulching and burning.

Vermont
www.vtfishandwildlife.com, (802) 828-1000
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 45,000 to 60,000
2018 HARVEST DATA: 5,479 (Spring harvest only; includes 579 birds harvested youth weekend)
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: May 1-31; Youth weekend April 25-26
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two bearded turkeys
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Green Mountain National Forest. The NWTF has completed a variety of forest and field management projects. Recently completed work included maintaining a 24-acre field in Pittsfield and a 10-acre forest opening project in Stratton.

Virginia          
www.dgif.virginia.gov/, (804) 367-1000
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 175,000        
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 17,929      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 11 to May 16
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Three birds
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: In the Little North Mountain Wildlife Management Area in Augusta County, brood habitat has been created by removing stumps, applying fertilizer and lime, and seeding.  
OTHER INFORMATION: Reproduction rebounded in 2019, to long-term average level (2.5 poults/hen), over 2018 rate (1.6 poults/hen). Population level near record levels despite low poult production over past six years.

West Virginia 
www.wvdnr.gov, (304) 558-2771         
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 11,215      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth season, April 18 and 19; regular season April 20 to May 16    
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two bearded birds          
OTHER INFORMATION: In addition to youth spring turkey being extended from one to two days, the shot size restriction for that season has been removed as well.

Wisconsin       
www.dnr.wi.gov, (888) 936-7463, Turkey management questions: 608-261-8458
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 38,576      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 15 to May 26 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey per harvest authorization       
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The NWTF Wisconsin State Chapter has committed $10,000 to the Turkey Hunter Access program, which pays leases for landowners to open private land to spring turkey hunting. There are currently 2,550 acres enrolled in the program; the NWTF contribution should help grow the program by about 1,000 acres.

RIO GRANDE SUBSPECIES

Top Rio Grande Wild Turkey County* - Roger Mills County, Oklahoma
Score - 112, Brad Baker
Weight - 22.38 pounds, Brandon Reyes
Beard - 12¼ inches, Judy Kimery
Spur - 1.69 inches, Philip Houser
*According to NWTF Wild Turkey Records entries for the top county
Search the NWTF Wild Turkey Records and enter your gobbler.

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California
www.wildlife.ca.gov, (916) 445-0885   
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 300,000 to 400,000 turkeys (Merriam's, Rio Grande, Eastern-Rio Grande hybrids)          
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: Not available         
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: (general season) March 28 to May 3; (archery-only) May 4-17; (additional junior) March 21-22, May 4-17.
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey per day, three per season       
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Knoxville Wildlife Area has benefitted from native grassland restoration combating weed encroachment.
OTHER INFORMATION: Rainfall has been sporadic in California following the drought of 2011-17. The winter of 2018-19 was wetter than average and should have produced good conditions for the 2019 nesting season. From June through October, most of the state was drier than average. The winter of 2019-20 has been wetter than normal, so hopefully spring 2020 will follow several years of increases in turkey populations. The state wildlife agency does not conduct specific monitoring for turkeys; however, staff analyze the NA Breeding Bird Survey data, and model results for 2018 will be available soon. Recent regulatory changes include a requirement on the size of broad heads in 2016, and, in 2019, the phasing in of nonlead requirements. Broad head size: As per Section 311(e)(1) of Title 14 of the California Code of Regulations, it is “unlawful to take wild turkey by use of hunting arrows and crossbow bolts unless fitted with a broad head type blade which will not pass through a hole 7/8 inch in diameter.” This aligns the archery hunting requirements to be similar with the large game requirements in California, and is intended to reduce wounding loss. Nonlead: Assembly Bill 711, signed into law in 2013, stipulates that by July 1st 2019, hunters will be required to use nonlead ammunition when hunting with a firearm in California. The California Fish and Game Commission accepted the Department’s recommendations to implement this law in phases. At this time, all hunters in California (including wild turkey hunters) using firearms will need nonlead ammunition.

Hawaii
dlnr.hawaii.gov/recreation/hunting/bird, (808) 587-0166
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: Not available         
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: See regulations
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: See regulations
OTHER INFORMATION: On the big island of Hawaii, the daily bag limit is three bearded turkeys per hunter with a season bag limit of three. All hunters are required to have a current unused turkey tag in their possession while hunting. Spring Season March 1 to April 15 in Units A, F and G, and on private lands. Season runs March 1-31 on Kipuka Ainahou. There is no spring season on the islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai or Kauai (there is a fall hunt on those islands.) Turkey hunting is prohibited on Oahu, as they are trying to build a sustainable population. 

Kansas
www.ksoutdoors.com, (620) 672-5911 
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 23,296
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Youth/Disabled season, April 1 to 14; archery season, April 6 to 14; regular season, April 15 to May 31      
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Units 1 and 2, two birds; Units 3, one bird; Unit 4 (limited draw); Units 5 and 6, one bird           
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Hunter success rates continue to be highest in the northcentral region of Kansas, where there are high turkey densities and lots of publicly accessible land available. In the northcentral portion of the state, hunters will have the opportunity to pursue both Rio Grande and Eastern subspecies. Hunters can explore several wildlife management areas (http://ksoutdoors.com/Hunting/Where-to-Hunt) in the region, as well as many properties enrolled in the state’s Walk-in Hunting Access program (http://ksoutdoors.com/KDWPT-Info/Locations/Hunting-Fishing-Atlas/Spring-Hunting-Atlas).   
OTHER INFORMATION: For the spring 2020 season, bag limits in units 3, 5 and 6 were reduced from two birds to one bird. For the fall 2020 season, statewide season dates were reduced from October 1 - January 31 to October 1 - November 10.

Nevada
www.ndow.org, (775) 688-1500
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 HARVEST DATA: Not available
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Varies, check regulations
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey (draw only)
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Toiyabe Mountain Range, Merriam’s subspecies. The NWTF, in conjunction with the Nevada Department of Wildlife, funded the translocation of over 100 Merriam’s from Colville, Washington, in 2016 and 2017. NDOW fixed 11 hens with GPS devices, and the birds are doing so well that in 2020 there will be three tags available for that brand new zone.

Oklahoma      
www.wildlifedepartment.com, (405) 521-3851  
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 100,189 Rio Grande and 12,013 Eastern         
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 18,482 Rio Grande and 2,943 Eastern         
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 6 to May 6, see season restriction for SE region
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Three statewide; see regulations for county restrictions     
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: On the Black Kettle Wildlife Management Area, woody plants around Rio Grande roosting areas has been completed. On the Stringtown WMA, removal of woody plants in enclosed areas have been completed to benefit Eastern wild turkeys.

Oregon
https://myodfw.com/game-bird-hunting/seasons, (509) 947-6000
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: Not available         
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: General season April 15 to May 31
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One male turkey or a turkey with a visible beard per tag. Hunters may purchase up to three tags.
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Ochoco Mountain Range. Merriam’s subspecies. The NWTF, in conjunction with the Ochoco National Forest, will be completing a 300-acre forest thinning/aspen regeneration project. This project will greatly enhance wild turkey foraging and brooding habitat.

Texas 
www.tpwd.texas.gov, (512) 389-4800   
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 500,000 Rio Grande Wild Turkey, 10,000 eastern wild turkey, 500 Merriam's           
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 18,004      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: www.tpwd.texas.gov/regulations/outdoor-annual/hunting/    
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Four bird annual bag limit
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Rio Grande wild turkeys in the Lyndon B. Johnson National Grasslands in Decatur, Texas, have benefitted from mulching and burning.

Utah
wildlife.utah.gov, (801) 538-4700
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 25,000 to 35,000
2019 HARVEST DATA: Fall (Fall of 2018): 2,765 Hunters Afield, 1,678 Harvest, 60.9% Success; Spring Limited Entry: 2,164 Hunters Afield, 858 Harvest, 39.6% Success;Spring General Season: 8,619 Hunters Afield, 2209 Harvest, 25.6% Success
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: Limited entry April 11 to April 30; youth May 1 to May 3; general season May 4 to May 31
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey in general season or spring limited entry
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS:
https://wri.utah.gov/wri/project/title.html?id=4932
https://wri.utah.gov/wri/project/title.html?id=4648
https://wri.utah.gov/wri/project/title.html?id=5018
https://wri.utah.gov/wri/project/title.html?id=4840
OTHER INFORMATION: Harvest was down last spring, likely due to a very late spring restricting access to many parts of the states and lower over winter survival.  Fall hunts have been successful in moving populations towards more socially acceptable levels for the non-hunting public, but also may have reduced spring success in isolated areas. There are not any anticipated regulation changes for the spring 2020 seasons, and general season permits remain unlimited over the counter (one per hunter).

MERRIAM’S SUBSPECIES

Top Merriam’s County* - Crook County, Wyoming
Score - 84.06, Curtis Lynch
Weight - 31.31 pounds, Curtis Lynch
Beard - 13¼  inches, Curtis Lynch
Spur - 1½ inches, Richard Rossum
*According to NWTF Wild Turkey Records entries for the top county
Search the NWTF Wild Turkey Records and enter your gobbler.

Product Highlight 
Savage Renegauge Turkey Obsession
www.savagearms.com
The American-made Savage Renegauge will change the way you think about semiautomatic shotguns. The Renegauge can handle the hottest high-brass and the mildest low-recoil shells with the same dependability. The patented D.R.I.V. (Dual Regulating Inline Valve) gas system ensures excess gas vents before it drives the bolt, resulting in consistent ejection, less felt recoil and a lightning fast cyclic rate for dependably fast split times. The Renegauge has been designed to fit almost any shooter. Everything from length-of-pull to comb height and drop at the heel can be adjusted to fit.  
MSRP $1,549

Arizona
www.azgfd.com, (602)942-3000          
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Merriam's 25,000 to 30,000; Gould's 1,500; Rio Grande 500   
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 1,000        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 24 to May 21
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey                    
OTHER INFORMATION: Most spring hunts are limited permits with the drawing occurring in November 2019 for spring 2020. Youth hunt permits are available over-the-counter, as are archery permits, but only in a limited number of units.

Colorado        
cpw.state.co.us, (303) 297-1192
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 30,000 to 35,000       
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 5,200        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 11 to May 31 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two bearded turkeys, provided one is taken on a limited permit and one from an unlimited permit

Idaho
idfg.idaho.gov, (208) 334-3700
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Information not available
2019 HARVEST DATA: Information not available
2020 SEASON DATES: See regulations
BAG LIMIT: General tag (one tag per person per year); extra tag (two tags per person per year; cannot be used with a controlled hunt permit); special unit tags (three tags per person per year)
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The Clearwater and Panhandle Regions of Idaho contain robust populations of wild turkeys. Idaho Fish and Game & USDA Forest Service partner’s management efforts provide for excellent wild turkey habitat.
OTHER INFORMATION: Proposed regulation changes have not been finalized

Montana
www.fwp.mt.gov, (406) 444-2535
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: No information available
2019 HARVEST DATA: No information available
2020 SEASON DATES: See regulations
BAG LIMIT: Varies by region, check regulations
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: Public Land: Lolo National Forest, western Montana, Merriam’s wild turkey

Nebraska       
www.outdoornebraska.gov, (402) 471-5442      
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 18,131      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: (youth archery) March 25 to May 31; (archery) March 25 to May 31; (youth shotgun) April 11 to May 31; (shotgun) April 18 to May 31
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Three permits that allow the harvest of one bearded bird
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The NWTF has helped support the Loess Canyons Access Initiative that is an access project providing access to turkey hunting grounds in central Nebraska.  

New Mexico   
www.wildlife.state.nm.us, (505) 476-8000        
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 25,000 to 30,000 Merriam’s; 3,000 to 6,000 Rio Grande; 300 Gould’s 
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 2,789 birds (26.9% success)
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 15 to May 10 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two bearded turkeys      
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The Bluewater project began in 2010 in New Mexico’s Zuni Mountains. The NWTF and the U.S. Forest Service have been thinning mostly ponderosa pine and Douglas fir, leaving groups of trees that are more beneficial to Merriam’s turkeys, other wildlife and habitat.
OTHER INFORMATION: With no population monitoring at a statewide level, estimates for Merriam’s and Rio Grande turkeys are speculative. The numbers presented in the 2019 Harvest and Hunter Estimates are very early estimates. As of December 2019, reporting was at 20 to 25%. Typical response rate is closer to 80% when harvest estimates are finalized.

North Dakota
www.gf.nd.gov, (701) 328-6300
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Information not available
2019 HARVEST DATA: Information not available
SEASON DATES: April 11 to May 17
BAG LIMIT: One bearded wild turkey
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: North Dakota is comprised mainly of private lands. The NDGF PLOTS program provides for the enrollment of private lands for public hunting.  PLOTS enrollments can be found scattered throughout the state.  The NWTF has been working with the NDGF Department on multiple PLOTS enrollments scattered around the state to improve wild turkey habitat. Hunters should refer to the annual PLOTS handbook for properties that provide for wild turkey hunting.

South Dakota 
www.gfp.sd.gov/, (605) 255-4515        
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not Available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 5,350        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 13 to May 31 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Check regulations

Washington
www.wdfw.wa.gov, (360) 902-2200
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: Not available
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: General season April 15 to May 31
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: See regulations
OTHER INFORMATION: Male turkeys and turkeys with visible beards only. A total of three (3) turkeys in the spring season with following restrictions: Only two (2) turkeys may be taken in eastern Washington and only one (1) of those may be taken in Chelan, Kittitas, or Yakima counties (combined); only one (1) turkey may be taken in western Washington per year outside of Klickitat County. Two (2) turkeys may be taken in Klickitat County.

Wyoming       
wgfd.wyo.gov, (307) 777-4600
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 2,506        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 1 to May 20 or the second Saturday in April to May 20 (area dependent, check regulations)     
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One male or turkey with visible bird per license; after the license draw, hunters may purchase up to three licenses, only one of which may be a general license
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: In the Black Hills (Hunt Area 1), timber management on public and private lands, streamside area protection on public land, and seeding of forage items after timber harvest on public and private lands has improved habitat for Merriam’s wild turkey.

OSCEOLA SUBSPECIES

Top Osceola County* - Osceola County, Florida
Score - 128.88, R. Scott Haskins
Weight - 23½ inches, T. Anthony Brock
Beard - 13½ inches, Adrian Woodruff
Spur - 2.13 inches, Patton Perdue
*According to NWTF Wild Turkey Records entries for the top county
Search the NWTF Wild Turkey Records and to enter your gobbler.

Product Highlight 
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www.drakewaterfowl.com
Made from lightweight, breathable, 100% polyester with four-way stretch technology, the Tech Stretch Turkey Pant delivers an incredibly comfortable option for chasing longbeards in warm weather conditions. The array of pockets keep essentials close at hand, while the reinforced denier on the knees, bottom, and ankles provide additional protection. The removable knee pads guarantee comfort on stalks chasing the most stubborn longbeards.  
MSRP $89.99

Florida
www.myfwc.com/hunting/turkey/, (850) 488-4676        
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Not available
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 2019 harvest not available; 2018 harvest 20,312      
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: March 7 to April 12 south of SR 70; March 21 to April 26 north of SR 70      
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two birds (only one in Holmes County)  
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The NWTF, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission and the Florida Forest Service have worked with the South Florida Water Management District through the wild turkey cost-share program to apply herbicide to invasive plants, opening the understory and improving ground cover conditions at Fort Basinger in Highlands County in the center of the Osceola’s range.  
OTHER INFORMATION: The Osceola subspecies is only found on the Florida Peninsula.

GOULD'S SUBSPECIES

Highest-Scoring Gould’s Wild Turkey* - Chihuahua, Mexico, Jim Bates
Score - 139
Weight - 19 pounds
Beard - 11¼ inches longest (52½ inches total)   
Spur - 8125
*According to NWTF Wild Turkey Records entries
Search the NWTF Wild Turkey Records and to enter your gobbler.

Arizona          
www.azgfd.com, (602)942-3000          
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: Merriam's 25,000 to 30,000; Gould's 1,500; Rio Grande 500   
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 1,000        
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 24 to May 21
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: One bearded turkey                    
OTHER INFORMATION: Most spring hunts are limited permits with the drawing occurring in November 2019 for spring 2020. Youth hunt permits are available over-the-counter, as are archery permits, but only in a limited number of units.

New Mexico   
www.wildlife.state.nm.us, (505) 476-8000        
2019 WILD TURKEY POPULATION: 25,000 to 30,000 Merriam’s; 3,000 to 6,000 Rio Grande; 300 Gould’s 
2019 SPRING HARVEST DATA: 2,789 birds (26.9% success)
2020 SPRING SEASON DATES: April 15 to May 10 
2020 SPRING BAG LIMIT: Two bearded turkeys      
PUBLIC LAND PROGRESS: The Bluewater project began in 2010 in New Mexico’s Zuni Mountains. The NWTF and the U.S. Forest Service have been thinning mostly ponderosa pine and Douglas fir, leaving groups of trees that are more beneficial to Merriam’s turkeys, other wildlife and habitat.
OTHER INFORMATION: With no population monitoring at a statewide level, estimates for Merriam’s and Rio Grande turkeys are speculative. The numbers presented in the 2019 Harvest and Hunter Estimates are very early estimates. As of December 2019, reporting was at 20 to 25%. Typical response rate is closer to 80% when harvest estimates are finalized.

Mexico
www.fws.gov/le/bird-hunting-mexico.html

OCELLATED TURKEY

Highest-ScoringOcellated Wild Turkey* - Campeche, Mexico, David Clark
Score - 162.125           
Weight - 12¼ pounds
Beard - No beard
Spur - 2½ inches
*According to NWTF Wild Turkey Records entries
Search the NWTF Wild Turkey Records and to enter your gobbler.

Mexico
www.fws.gov/le/bird-hunting-mexico.html

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