Properly Identify 11 Turkey Calls

1. Gobble:

  • The pitch of the gobble is 400-4,500 HZ
  • gobbling is loudest from the roost and loses volume from the ground
  • The notes of older gobblers are generally loud and are distinctly separate

2. Spit and drum:

  • The chump lasts less than 1/10 of a second with a 1,000 Hz frequency
  • The hum has a very low frequency, below 60 Hz
  • The gobbler will take two-three quick steps in a strut, snapping his wings forward wild dragging his outer primary feathers on the ground emitting the humm sound

3. Plain yelp:

  • The call is typically 5-10 notes
  • The median pitches of the adult hen is about 1,000 Hz, the adult male slightly lower

4. Tree yelp:

  • Four-to-six note call sounding more muffled and nasal
  • Similar to the plain yelp

5. Lost yelp:

  • Typically 10-20 notes, but can be up to 45 in one series
  • The range in pitch of single notes is 600-2,000 Hz in hens

6. Assembly yelp:

  • Level in pitch, with each note the same as the one before
  • A raspy call with a pitch of 900 Hx

7. Cackle:

  • 10-15 irregularly spaced notes at 1,000-4,000 Hz
  • When a turkey flies up to roost the cackle may be accompanied by a few yelps
  • When a turkey flied down off, there may be 15-20 yelps behind the cackle

8. Purrs:

  • A soft sound made by turkeys as they travel and feed, lasting 0.15-0.20 seconds
  • Frequency range of 700-1,400 Hz

9. Plain cluck:

  • Median pitch of the adult hen is 1,300 Hz
  • Given singly or in a short series of two or three, about 0.04 seconds apart
  • Assembly clucks are single notes less than 0.5 seconds long, rising in pitch at the end of the note

10. Alarm Putt:

  • A pitch of 400-1,500 Hz for adult males and 500-2,000 Hz for females
  • The alarm putt can alternate with identification clucks and back
  • Sharp clucks followed by purrs are not nearly as a serious a warning as putts followed by silence

11. Kee Kee

  • High-pitched whistling notes
  • Usually given by turkeys less than a year old, but may be hold from older turkeys
  • Often accompanied by all sorts of yelps after the kee kee notes
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